5. Arnold Paole
In the early 18th century, people in southeastern Europe started to believe in the existence of vampires. They were seen as a major problem to society, especially in Transylvania. People took to digging up graves and staking dead bodies that were deemed to be vampires. Some individuals even reported seeing their dead relatives walking the streets and attacking living people. The panic spread around Europe, and many publications speculated on the phenomenon. Two of the most famous examples of vampires from this time are Peter Plogojowitz and Arnold Paole.
In 1726, Arnold Paole died in the village of Meduegna, which was near the Morava River. Immediately after his death, people started seeing his undead body. The situation caused panic in Serbia and officials called for the help of two Austrian military doctors, Glaser and Flückinger. The investigation and report produced by Flückinger was named Visum et Repertum and confirmed the existence of vampires.
The report said that Arnold Paole’s dead body was responsible for the deaths of four separate people. His corpse was dug up and found to be “quite complete and undecayed, with fresh blood from his eyes, nose, mouth, and ears.” Based on this, it was concluded that Paole was a vampire. His heart was staked and his body burned. Five years after the initial outbreak, the deaths of 17 people were attributed to Paole and vampirism. His story was published in the London Journalon March 11, 1732, in which it was proclaimed that vampires were drinking the blood of the living in Hungary.